Tropics of Haiti
Race and the Literary History of the Haitian Revolution in the Atlantic World, 1789-1865
Marlene L. Daut
The Haitian Revolution (1791–1804) was an event of monumental world-historical significance, and here, in the first systematic literary history of those events, Haiti’s war of independence is examined through the eyes of its actual and imagined participants, observers, survivors, and cultural descendants. The ‘transatlantic print culture’ under discussion in this literary history reveals that enlightenment racial ‘science’ was the primary vehicle through which the Haitian Revolution was interpreted by nineteenth-century Haitians, Europeans, and U.S. Americans alike. Through its author’s contention that the Haitian revolutionary wars were incessantly racialized by four constantly recurring tropes—the ‘monstrous hybrid’, the ‘tropical temptress’, the ‘tragic mulatto/a’, and the ‘colored historian’—Tropics of Haiti shows the ways in which the nineteenth-century tendency to understand Haiti’s revolution in primarily racial terms has affected present day demonizations of Haiti and Haitians. In the end, this new archive of Haitian revolutionary writing, much of which has until now remained unknown to the contemporary reading public, invites us to examine how nineteenth-century attempts to paint Haitian independence as the result of a racial revolution coincide with present-day desires to render insignificant and ‘unthinkable’ the second independent republic of the New World.
Cover art plus article:
“Big Ideas in Little Haiti: A conversation with Contemporary Haitian Artist, Edouard Duval Carrié”
“Deux siècles de création artistique”
Dental Tribune Latin America No. 11, 2014 (PDF)
“From Revolution in the Tropics to Imagined Landscapes, The Art of Edouard Duval Carrié,” edited by Anthony Bogues, Brown Univ.
Artist in Residence, Brown University
2013 Transition Magazine: New Narratives of Haiti
2010-2011 Cogut Center for the Humanities Annual Report
“Les Neufs Esclaves”
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